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Varicella in children (Vomiting of the wind)

Varicella in children (Vomiting of the wind)

Chickenpox or chickenpox is one of the most common contagious diseases of childhood. It is also one of the most furious ones, manifesting with pronounced itching and the only one that can leave signs on the skin life if the little one is not prevented from scratching. It does not require drug treatment, the symptoms disappear by themselves, but the child must be kept in quarantine.

The disease is caused by a virus called varicella zoster. There is also a vaccine against this disease called the windmill vaccine, but it does not have full effectiveness. Also, those who contract the virus and get shed, become immune to subsequent exposure.

How is the vomiting transmitted?

Viral infection is transmitted from one person to another through direct contact with the bladder or by air.

Incubation period and infectious disease

The infectious period is between 2-3 days before the onset of eruption until all the vesicles form crust. This period is not clearly established and varies from child to child depending on the body and the severity of the disease manifestation.

The incubation period from contracting the virus to the actual eruption lasts between 10 and 20 days. The baby should be kept quarantined until all the blisters make this scab and show signs of healing. The interval varies between 7 and 14 days depending on the evolution of the disease and the condition of each child.

Varicella is an extremely contagious disease and does not occur only in children. Parents, as well as other adults or non-adults around them, can do the disease if they haven't done so before.

What are the symptoms of varicose veins?

Children who contract the virus generally show a rash all over their body that looks like fluid-filled basalts. However, the disease has its particularities in terms of manifestations:

at first, the child may have mild symptoms of cold, you may notice that his nose is flowing, sneezing or coughing, it hurts his throat and has a condition of mildew characteristic of viruses;

• the appearance of a rash in the form of initially reddish spots, which eat very hard and appear first on the abdomen or back and face; it then spreads throughout the body, including the buccal cavity, genital area, etc .;

• in a few hours they turn into blisters or pustules filled with a cloudy liquid;

• the pustules appear in a period of 3 to 6 days;

• the child can get fever during this time;

• later, the vesicles burst and begin to make a brown crust, dry and then heal;

• some children may experience abdominal pain, headaches, etc.

How is windmill treated in children?

There is no treatment to cure the disease, but only to improve the symptoms.

• first of all, the child must be kept in quarantine, isolated from other persons who have not contracted the disease;

• you must do everything possible to keep the child from scratching; besides the fact that there is a risk of infection if it breaks the pustules, in those places there will be signs;

• cut his nails as short as possible;

• take care of the personal hygiene of the child;

• if the baby is in pain or fever, you can ask the doctor to prescribe mild pain relievers;
calamine lotions or menthol blends applied to the bladder help reduce the itching sensation;

• keep the child in a cool room, because the heat aggravates the symptoms and makes the itching more difficult to bear;

• In severe cases, when the itching becomes a pain for the little one and cannot be rested at all, you can consult with the doctor for administering antihistamines;

• also in severe cases, where there are disorders of the immune system or where it is very weak, it is recommended to prescribe acyclovir, which works against varicella, but it is not recommended in all cases.

What complications can occur?

These are very rare, but not impossible. The most commonly encountered are infections caused by bacteria after rupturing the bladder before the weather through scratching. But they can also be associated:

• conjunctivitis;

• pneumonia;

• meningitis or encephalitis (in very rare cases).

Tags Varicella Contagious diseases