As a woman, you know that the average duration of a menstrual cycle is 28 days. Have you ever wondered what happens to your body, every day of your menstrual cycle? Do you know which days you have the most chances to get pregnant? Or when does premenstrual syndrome manifest?
This guide answers all these questions, giving you a clear description of the phenomena that occur in the reproductive tract during the menstrual cycle!
The first day of menstruation coincides with the first day of the menstrual cycle. The levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease dramatically, which leads to detachment and elimination of the functional layer of the endometrial mucosa. In the next 4 weeks, the uterus prepares for the eventuality of hosting an embryo, from which the future baby will be born.
Menstruation continues. The symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome have disappeared altogether, however, you can experience pain specific to the menstrual period, caused by the cramps that accompany the abundant bleeding. At the same time, it is possible to eliminate small blood clots. This is normal, so you should not panic. If the menstrual flow is more abundant than usual or if you notice large clots, the size of a plum, call your gynecologist and schedule an appointment.
Usually, this day marks the end of the period of abundant bleeding. You may experience changes in vaginal pH, which can cause bacterial infections and unpleasant odors. These can be controlled by using a vaginal probiotic, with the role of balancing the vaginal flora.
The menstrual flow diminishes, and its color changes from red to brown.
If your menstruation lasts 5 days and the flow is very low, you can replace the absorbent or tampon with a daily absorbent.
For most women, day 6 marks the end of menstruation. Other women continue to bleed until day 7, but this is perfectly normal, each body being different.
Usually, menstruation completely disappears on this day, and your body is preparing for a new ovulation. Small cysts, known as follicles, form on the ovaries. One of these follicles will mature and release one or two eggs. Estrogen levels begin to increase, under the influence of follicular stimulation hormone (FSH), secreted by the pituitary gland in the brain. Testosterone and progesterone are maintained at low levels.
The follicles on the ovaries continue to grow, preparing to release the eggs. They in turn begin to secrete estrogen, further increasing the level of this hormone in the body. The amounts of testosterone and progesterone are maintained at the same values.
In the following days, one of the follicles will continue to develop until it reaches maturity. The excess of estrogen causes thickening of the lining of the uterus, rich in blood and nutrients, for possible pregnancy.
Estrogen production is nearing maximum values. The mucosa of the uterus continues to thicken, to ensure a good attachment of the fertilized egg.
If you are trying to get pregnant, now is the best time because you are approaching the ovulation period. For increased pleasure in intercourse, you and your partner can use a lubricant that does not adversely affect sperm. The lubricant also helps when your sexual appetite is low.
Even if you haven't ovulated yet, you are in full fertility due to the high levels of estrogen. On the other hand, sperm can survive in the body of the woman for up to 5 days. The cervical mucosa is permeable and elastic, and the largest follicle is ready to release the mature egg, while the rest of the follicles begin to shrink. The libido begins to grow, under the influence of testosterone secreted in increasing amounts.
The level of estrogen reaches its maximum value, and your body is ready to release the egg from the follicle.
You're ovulating. You can experience a sensation of pain in the lower abdomen, which is absolutely normal during this period. It is the best day to get pregnant. If you don't want a baby anymore, don't forget to protect yourself with a condom.
The egg begins its miraculous journey through the fallopian tubes, towards the uterus, in the hope of meeting the sperm. Estrogen and testosterone levels begin to drop, while progesterone levels rise rapidly.
The egg continues its route through the uterine tubes.
The uterine mucosa begins to thicken under the influence of progesterone, to host a possibly fertilized egg. If the egg does not meet any sperm within the first 24 hours after ovulation, it will die and be removed at the next menstruation. The amount of estrogen continues to decrease, while the progesterone level reaches high levels.
On the 18th
The amount of estrogen starts to increase slightly, while the progesterone level remains high.
The 19th day
If you suspect that you are pregnant, do not rush to the pharmacy. It is too early for a pregnancy test.
The 20th day
The first symptoms of premenstrual syndrome begin to appear. Changes in mood and bloating are among the most common signs that you are nearing the end of your menstrual cycle.
The 21st day
It is the ideal time to do a test to determine the level of progesterone, to confirm that you have ovulated.
The 22nd day
Some women may experience premenstrual leaks. Use a slip-protector (daily absorbent) to avoid unpleasant surprises.
The 23rd day
Premenstrual syndrome is a headache. Try relaxing, pampering yourself with a foam bath or enjoying your favorite chocolate.
Progesterone records the highest values after ovulation, and the amount of estrogen begins to decline.
If you suffer from premenstrual syndrome, this is the worst day of all. Expect sudden mood swings, clear cries and swollen feet.
Don't climb the ladder. The fluid retention specific to this period causes the weighing needle to look a few extra pounds.
Rejoice! You got rid of premenstrual syndrome.
On the 28th
The reproductive cycle ends. If you are not pregnant, you will experience a new menstruation. To prevent pain and heavy flow, you can take Ibuprofen based pills, but do not overdo it with medication.
Tags Menstrual cycle calendar Fertility Ovulation Fertility women